因势利导,培养能力——高中英语说话训练的课堂设计及操作

时间:2008-04-29 21:58
wobaby—daughters were unhurt fortunately. Snow lay thick onthe ground.Th e woman turned the suitcase into a bed at nightand put her two babies in it. The next morning
she heard aplane flying over and she stamped out SOS in the snow. It wasseen by the pilot. They were rescued at last by a helicopter.
3)中心思想的概括
低段的高中学生还不太善于较长篇幅地连贯表达自己,这样给予提示是比较恰当的。如第八十九课中,给 出的提示是“概要”中的内容:
points
1.local cinema ——packed.
2.P & U Bird Seed Co.
3.Presenting free variety show
4.Many artists should…
5.Failed to turn up
6.Show very dull
7.Funny thing——
8.Advertiser introduced programme saying
9.This … gentlemen
学生就能较快地根据提示组织成文。The local cinema was packed.The P & U Bird Seed Company wa s presenting a free varietyshow, but many artists who should have appeared failed totur n up. Because of this, the show was very dull. Thefunniest thing came at the beginning from the advertiser whointroduced the programme saying: 'This is the poo and Ee SeedBird Comp any. Good ladies,evening and gentlemen!'
4.以上三步操作活动是紧紧地依附于课文内容的,是为自由交际作准备及铺垫。在这时,我们看到了由易 到难、由控制的到半控制的递进的交际活动。那么,基于课文,结合社会现象的讨论将走向一个新的交际高度 ,使得语言的操练紧密地和社会这个大课堂结合起来,更好地体现交际的意义。如在学了七十八课“The Last
One”后,教师就布置这样的口头作业:Why do you think so many people take up orcontinue smo king when they know of its dangers ? Why is a Non— smoking Day set up?对于高中高段的学生,给予1 —3分钟的准备时间,在课堂内当堂完成也是可行的一个高潮步骤。
当然和社会大课堂紧紧结合的另一面体现在每堂英语课开始的十分钟之内。我们设定的口语训练内容有: 时事政治、天文地理、百姓家事、笑话趣谈。标题有:国内外新闻、笑话幽默故事、体育评论、电影电视点评 、读书心得、值日报告等等。这些是说话训练的好题材,也是课堂说话训练的有效延伸。
总之,在教学的过程中,我们应该始终明确学生是学习活动的主人翁的思想。教师是课堂的指挥家:激发 学生学习的兴趣,增强学生的学习信心,创造轻松愉快的学习环境。精心安排教学内容是指挥家的任务,他不 仅教给学生以知识,更重要的是教会学生学习知识的能力。布鲁诺在他的《教学过程》一书中谈到:通晓学科 的基本结构,不但要掌握“一般原理”,而且要获得这门学科的基本态度和方法,这样才能更快捷地培养高层 次的现代化建设人才。

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